AQUAPONIC CULTIVATION SYSTEM

Rapid development in urban areas has an impact on the reduction of available agricultural land. As economic and residential development in urban areas increases, land conversion in urban areas also increases. Land that used to be agricultural land has turned into residential areas.

Aquaponics is an alternative to growing plants and keeping fish in one container. The process by which plants utilize nutrients from fish waste which, if left in the pond, will be toxic to the fish. Then the plants will function as vegetation filters which will break down these toxic substances into substances that are not harmful to fish, and supply oxygen to the water used to raise fish. With this cycle there will be a mutually beneficial cycle and for those of us who apply it, of course it will be very profitable, because the land used will not be too large.

Fish are key in an aquaponics system. Fish provide almost all the nutrients for plants. There are various types of fish that can be used in an aquaponics system. This type of fish depends on the local climate and the types available on the market, but the most frequently used is gourami fish.

The benefits of cultivating with an aquaponics system include:

  1. Fish waste can be used as a source of organic fertilizer which is good for plant growth.
  2. The product produced is an organic product because it only uses fertilizer from fish waste that has gone through a biological process.
  3. Produce two products at once; namely vegetables and fish, from one production unit. Can produce fresh vegetables and fish as a source of protein in dry areas and limited land availability.
  4. It is sustainable with a combination of plants and fish and nutrient cycles. Apart from commercial applications, aquaponics has become a popular learning place for the public and vocational fisheries students about integrated biosystems.
  5. The population of organic plants that can be planted is 10 times greater. With aquaponics, plants can be planted at high density using a floating system on water.
  6. This system can accommodate up to 10 times the number of plants on the same area. And every plant root always gets a supply of water that is rich in nutrients.
  7. Easy maintenance, does not require weeding, is free from soil pests and does not require watering. If growth is good, plants will grow faster.

Tools and Materials Required :

  1. Aquarium pump
  2. Used filter cork
  3. Pipe
  4. Stove wick
  5. Used mineral water bottles
  6. Husk

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